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CAP Liberté de Conscience 117, rue de Charenton - 75012 - Paris

Coordination des Associations et des Particuliers pour la Liberté de Conscience

NGO with ECOSOC consultative status at the United Nations
Registration on EU Transparency Register 628479527756-78
Civil society platform of Fundamental Rights created by the EU FRA
French non-benefit association register : W751082307
Member : European Federation for Freedom Of Belief - FOB
Member : European Network Of Religion and Belief - ENORB
Associate Director : International Council for Diplomacy and Dialogue

Est-ce que le ministère de l’Intérieur a rétabli la « liste noire des sectes* »

« de telles listes ne sauraient emporter aucune conséquence de nature juridique, pas plus qu’elles ne respecteraient la liberté de croyance » Mme Anne Josso secrétaire de la Miviludes 2018

La Ministre Déléguées Mme Schiappa a déclaré dans de nombreux médias qu’il y avait 500 groupes qui étaient classifiés comme « secte » ou  « à dérives sectaires ».(1)

Récemment, dans un tweet officiel du ministère de l’Intérieur et relayé par la Miviludes le ministère de l’Intérieur annonce que 500 groupes sont classifiés en France.

C’est en 1995 qu’une première « liste noire » des sectes a été publiée par la Commission d’enquête sur les « sectes ».

Cette « liste noire » établie par une Commission de l’Assemblée Nationale a été largement condamnée et n’a aucune valeur juridique.(2)

En 1996 le premier Ministre M. Chevènement a écrit dans un courrier  que le rapport parlementaire de MM Alain Gest et Guyard n’avait  pas d’effet juridique et qu’aucun groupement n’a donc jamais été classé comme « secte » par la République.(3)

En 2005, Mr Raffarin alors premier Ministre a publié une circulaire dans laquelle il demandait que soit abandonné le terme de « secte » ainsi que la liste établie en 1995.(4)

Georges Fenech qui vient d’intégrer le conseil d’orientation de la Miviludes a déclaré dans une interview en 2009 dans le magazine « Le Quotidien de la Réunions et de l’Océan Indien» au sujet de la « liste noire des sectes » de 1995 :

« – La secte « cœur douloureux et immaculée de Marie » est-elle répertoriée dans la liste officielle des sectes ?

– Georges Fenech :Non. Mais aucune liste officielle des sectes n’existe. En 1995, 173 sectes ont été recensées par le GEMPPI, le groupe d’études des mouvements de pensée en vue de la prévention de l’individu. Ce travail a eu le mérite de révéler certains mouvements sectaires, mais cette liste a été très controversée et n’a aucune valeur juridique. »(5)

 Selon M. Fenech la liste noire de 1995 des 173 mouvements a été établie par le GEMPPI. Ce qui est surprenant c’est que la commission parlementaire de 1995 donne aux Renseignements Généraux (RG)  la paternité de cette liste.

Est-ce les RG ont tout simplement demandé au GEMPPI de leur fournir une liste de 173 mouvements ?

En 2018 il a officiellement été  demandé à la Miviludes de fournir les « listes relatives aux sectes réalisées par les services du gouvernement ».

La réponse de la Miviludes fût la suivante : « Ces listes n’ont plus aujourd’hui qu’une valeur historique. Dans tous les cas, de telles listes ne sauraient emporter aucune conséquence de nature juridique, pas plus qu’elles ne respecteraient la liberté de croyance. Je vous précise que la MIVILUDES ne tient pas un registre des organisations à caractère sectaire ni des personnes susceptibles d’être impliquées dans des faits de dérives sectaires. »(6)

En 2019, suite à un article paru dans le journal  Sud-Ouest  titrait « liste noire des 40 pratiques pouvant s’avérer dangereuses et susceptibles de dérives sectaires ».

Suite à cet article, il a de nouveau été demandé  à la Miviludes de fournir les éléments de la liste mentionnée dans le quotidien Sud-Ouest.

La Secrétaire Générale de la Miviludes a répondu « je vous indique que je ne vois pas à quoi fait référence l’article de Sud-Ouest ».(7)

Depuis 1996, toutes ces personnalités concernées par ce sujet ont déclaré que soit la liste n’avait aucune valeur, soit qu’elle n’existait pas.

Par conséquent, bien qu’allant à l’encontre des déclarations officielles précédentes, est-ce que  le ministère de l’Intérieur, la Miviludes ou tout autre service de l’Etat ont tout de même établi une liste de 500 groupes classifiés en France comme « secte » ou à risque de dérive sectaire ?

* Groupes classifiés en France

(1) https://www.lci.fr/societe/derives-sectaires-environ-500-petits-groupes-et-140-000-personnes-denombres-en-france-selon-marlene-schiappa-2179220.html

(2) TRIBUNAL ADMINISTRATIF DE CAEN liste noire juridique

(3) 1996 liste sectes chevenement

(4) https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/jorf/id/JORFTEXT000000809117

(5) Georges Fenech liste noire  20 % des dérives sectaires en outre-mer

(6) http://sectes-info.com/miviludes-et-la-liste-des-sectes/

(7) http://sectes-info.com/la-miviludes-et-la-liste-noire-des-sectes/

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What is « Coordination des Associations et des Particuliers pour la Liberté de Conscience » (CAP Freedom of Conscience)?

CAP Freedom of Conscience is a secular European NGO with United Nations Consultative Status, created in 1995 and dedicated to protect the Right of Freedom of Religion and Belief.

CAP Freedom of Conscience combats all forms of discrimination based on religion or belief by alerting European and International bodies.

CAP Freedom of Conscience collects testimonies of discrimination and human rights violations affecting religious or belief communities in order to disseminate them to international bodies, and in order to raise awareness and inform them as well as to generate debate on the protection of Freedom of Religion and Belief.

CAP Freedom of Conscience also advocates for any religious or spiritual group facing discrimination to have their right to Freedom of Religion and Belief recognized.

CAP Freedom of Conscience is a member of the European Federation for Freedom of Belief (FOB), European Network Of Religion and Belief (ENORB) and participate to the Civil Society Platform of Fundamental Rights created by the EU Fundamental Rights Agency.

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ACTIVITES CAP LC 2020 / 2021

2021

Item 3 Human Rights Coucil 46th Session 22 February to 23 March 2021 : Balochistan is facing a humanitarian crisis March 2021

HRC 46 ID Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism : Statement on France March 2021

HRC 46 Item 3 Interactive dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief : GERMANY SECT FILTER March 2021

Anti-Cult Groups and Misinformation: A Danger for Religious Freedom February 11, 2021

L'utilisation abusive de l'administration fiscale pour persécuter les minorités spirituelles February 2021

MultiFaith Letter : Sri Lanka. Muslims are being forced to cremate despite it being prohibited by Islam February 2021

MultiFaith Letter : France  “Consolidating the Respect of the Principles of the Republic” February 2021

January 2021 interview : The Religious Factor in the Farmers Bills Protests in India: A Sikh Voice

January 2021 : FRANCE : Marlène Schiappa charge the MIVILUDES (Interministerial Mission of Vigilance and Combat against Sectarian Aberrations) to drawing up a report on « sectarian aberrations imported from the United States »

January 2021 : Conference 24th January 2021 : Education Conscience and Tax Justice reflecting on the TAI JI MEN case in Taiwan

January 2021 : Confrence : Freedom of Religion: From the USCIRF Report on Persecutions in Russia to Violations in Europe

January 2021: Letter in Support of Freedom of Religion in the new bill on separatism

January 2021 : CAP Freedom of Conscience joined a coalition of NGO to demand the release of Dr. Gulshan Abbas

January 2021 Sweden – Call for Signatures: Letter in Support of Chinese Citizen Facing Deportation

January 2021 : Letter to President Elect Biden IRF Roundtable

2020

Side-event : The Pandemic and Forced Organ Harvesting – Europe’s Opportunity to End its Illusions about China december 2020

13 European NGOs urge China, Iran and Russia to release prisoners from a dozen religious groups in light of the COVID-19 threat december 2020

How the Chinese Communist Party Robs Children of Their Religious Faith december 2020

The Religious Factor in the Farmers Bills Protests in India: A Sikh Voice december 2020

Signing letter : We appeal to the UN, the USA and the European Union to take immediate action against air strikes by the Turkish state in Sinjar November 2020

Letter in Support of Having the French Anti-separatism Bill Reviewed by the Venice Commission November 2020

NGOs accuse Irak saying that « Êzîdî culture is under threat of extinction and erasure from history » Ocotber 2020

10 Experts’ Opinions on Tai Ji Men Case July 2020

India : JASWANT SINGH KHALRA MEMORIAL LECTURE & BOOK LAUNCH November 2020

Pakistan : A Beleaguered Community. The Growing Target Killings, Violence, Legal Discrimination and Social Exclusion of The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community International Religion Freedom Ministerial side event November 2020

China Denies Children Their Freedom of Religion and Belief International Religion Freedom Ministerial side event November 2020

France : International Religion Freedom Ministerial side event Separatism and Human Rights November 2020

International Interdisciplinary Conference ‘Religious Freedom and Education’, 8-10 October, 2020

Re: Request to Impose Sanctions to Stop Turkey’s War Crimes in Northeast Syria and Beyond Under EO 13894 October 2020

Thierry Valle |President of the Coordination of Associations and Individuals for Freedom of Conscience, France August 2020

HRC45 – CAP Liberté de Conscience joins ACLU’s demands to the OHCHR for the elaboration of the report on structural racism and law enforcement September 2020

HRC 45 : Unabated Religious Persecution and the Danger of an Escalation — A Case Study on 20 Years of Persecution of Falun Gong in People’s Republic of China September 2020

HRC 45 : Violating the Human Rights of Members of Shincheonji in South Korea September 2020

HRC 45 : Report on the conditions and basic needs of citizens returning from displacement camps to Sinjar and its Southern area specifically September 2020

HRC 45: Jaswant Singh Khalra was remembered today at the 45th Session of the UN Human Rights Council September 2020

45th Session Human Rights Council : shincheonji oral statement September 2020

This World Day against Death Penalty the International Community must take immediate steps to ensure states repeal laws which mandate the death penalty for apostasy or blasphemy

523 NGOs wrote to the UN Human Rights Treaty Bodies and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights urge them to schedule country reviews no later than 2021 September 2020

The renewal of the mandate of the Special Envoy for the promotion of freedom of religion or belief outside the EU

Urgent Call for the Dropping of All Charges Against Christian Pastor Keshav Raj Acharya

Letter to the Vatican

Sign on Letter to South Korean Minister of Foreign Affairs Religious Freedom Violations

Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Letter

the case of Huma Younus : Christian Pakistani girl who was kidnapped

A Letter to the Foreign Minister of South Korea on the Situation of Shincheonji July 2020

IRFR Letter to POTUS on Hong Kong June 2020

Letter to Ambassador Yasseen on recognition of Iraqi evangelical churches June 2020

Signatures on the China Coalition’s Emergency Internet Freedom Funding Letter June 2020

Urgent call for COVID-19 response for Refugees and Asylum Seekers june 2020

Joint letter to Vietnam’s Prime Minister May 2020

Open letter to UN Asia-Pacific Regional Group on China’s appointment to UN HRC Consultative Group May 2020

HRC 44th session Written statement : Croatia Discrimination based on ethnicity and disregard for the best interest of a child june 2020

HRC 44th session Written statement : An act of horrific brutality against a humane and compassionate Ahmadi woman charged under the Blasphemy law june 2020

HRC 44th session Written statement : Scapegoating members of Shincheonji for COVID-19 in the Republic of Korea

Petition to preserve the cemeterie in Vilnius Lithuania June 2020

Sign-On Letter re Vietnam Hmong and Montagnard Christians June 2020

The continuation of the mandate of the Special Envoy for the promotion of freedom of  religion or belief outside the EU June 2020

Experts raise Vietnam’s human rights violations against Christians in letter to US  President June 2020

Joint letter to Vietnam's Prime Minister June 2020

Open letter to UN Asia-Pacific Regional Group on China’s appointment to UN HRC Consultative  Group June 2020

Urgent call for COVID-19 response for Refugees and Asylum Seekers June 2020

AHMADIYYA IN SCHOLARLY PERSPECTIVE June 2020

Experts raise Vietnam’s human rights violations against Christians in letter to US President June 2020

Report to the United Nations General Assembly on Eliminating Intolerance and Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief and the Achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 16 (SDG 16) HRC 44 June 2020

Letter to Secretary Pompeo April 2020

China HRC Consultative Group April 2020

IRF Roundtable Letter – Ramy Kamel April 2020

PETITION TO PRESERVE THE CEMETERIES IN THE OLD CITY OF LVIV April 2020

The continuation of the mandate of the Special Envoy for the promotion of freedom of religion or belief outside the EU April 2020

HRC 43 A coalition of NGOs questions the People’s Republic of China at the United Nations March 2020

HRC 43 Oral Statement on Religious Freedom in Russia  March 2020

HRC 43 Prolonged discrimination of religious minority in Germany March 2020

HRC 43 Status report Ezidis for the General Director of the United Nations (UN) March 2020

HRC 43 SOUTH KOREA – Coronavirus and Shincheonji: Stopping the Witch Hunt – Urgent Appeal from Human Rights Groups March 2020

HRC43 | Support consensus renewal of the UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Defenders March 2020

religious freedom situation in India February 2020

Multifaith letter regarding Huma Younus February 2020

Recognizing Freedom of Conscience and Religious Objections to State Mandated Vaccination and Ending the Persecution of the Unvaccinated People of Faith February 2020

End The Persecution of The Church of Almighty God Now! February 2020

Human Rights in Thailand and Malaysia : The case of the Ahmadis refugees in Thailand and Malaysia March 2020

Declaration of Principles for the International Religious Freedom Alliance February 2020

2019 Annual Report on the Chinese Communist Government’s Persecution of The Church of Almighty God Released Today January 2020

 

Faith and Freedom Summit
https://faithandfreedomsummit.eu/
The Faith and Freedom Summit is not an organization. It’s a campaign proposed and run by a large coalition of faith-based and non faith-based NGOs and supported by many EU stakeholders. It has been launched on June 28, 2018 with a high-level launch event. This non-partisan event gathered high-level thought-leaders to highlight where religious freedom is hindered in European Union today, to assess areas that need to be improved as regards the protection of freedom of religion or belief, and to be a force of proposal to outline policies toward a greater respect of religious diversity in Europe.
FoRB Roundtable Brussels-EU
https://www.forbroundtable.org/
The FoRB Roundtable Brussels-EU is an informal group of individuals from civil society who gather regularly to discuss FoRB issues on a non-attribution basis. It is simply a safe space where participants gather, speak freely in sharing ideas and information, and propose joint advocacy actions to address specific FoRB issues and problems globally.

Contact : +336 70 66 04 42 contact@coordiap.com

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