Human Rights Council
Forty-ninth session
28 February–1 April 2022
Agenda item 3 Promotion and protection of all human rights, civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to development


In this report, the Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief, Ahmed Shaheed, maps diverse experiences of religious or belief minorities during situations of conflict or insecurity. It explores the specific needs and vulnerabilities experienced by minorities in conflict and examines why and how these vulnerabilities arise through contextual analysis. Evidence gathered for the report questions narratives that overestimate the relationship between religion and conflict and fail to recognize the multiplicity of factors (political, social and economic) that contribute towards violence and insecurity, which overshadow and undermine prospects for peacebuilding. It further challenges prevailing discursive binaries that depict religion as either a source of violence or peacebuilding.1 The report proposes recommendations to protect and promote religious or belief minorities’ rights during crises and to lay the groundwork for inclusive peacebuilding efforts.

Source :

Download the document A/HRC 49 44 Advanced Unedited Version

Page 7 of his report the SR FORB mention the situation in Afaghnistan of the Sikh community : “In Afghanistan, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (“ISIL”) affiliated group, Islamic State–Khorasan Province, has attacked Sikh and Hindu communities, killing several prominent leaders.49”

49 : Submissions-Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge; and Coordination des Associations et des Particuliers pour la Liberté de Conscience-United Sikhs.

Download the report CAP Liberté de Conscience – United Sikh

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